Google doodle honors Persian mathematician by celebrating Omar Khayyam’s birth anniversary. He was born on May 18, 1048.It is estimated that he would have been 971 years today. He was Born in Nishapur in northeastern Iran into a family of tent-makers (Khayyam).
Omar Khayyam aka Abu’l Fath Omar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyām, apart from a Persian mathematician, was also an astronomer, and a poet. He has given a vast contribution to all the fields. The doodle would also appear to Google users in Russia, the Middle East, North African nations, the US and Chile.
In the field of astronomy, he gave us the Jalali calendar, a solar calendar with a very precise 33-year intercalation cycle. Today, which has become a base for several other calendars.
Khayyam was first mathematician to give a general method for solving cubic equations, where he provided geometric solutions by the intersection of conics. One of his most-important contributions to algebra was the ‘Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra’.
He also founded a triangular array of binomial coefficients and the Pascal’s triangle. Besides this, he has also written a book on music and algebra named ‘Problems of Arithmetic’
He has widely contributed to Literature, he has given us more than a thousand ‘Rubaiyat’ or verses. A section of his work, ‘Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám’, translated by Edward Fitzgerald, gained immense popularity in the western nations after his death.
His verse, “The Moving Finger writes, and, having writ, Moves on: nor all thy Piety nor Wit Shall lure it back to cancel half a Line, Nor all thy Tears wash out a Word of it,” is very famous.
Khayyam also worked as an advisor and court astrologer to Malik Shah I in Khorasan provinc. He died on December 4, 1131, and was buried in the Khayyam Garden.